Understand why excessive heat causes problems for us. Heat pushes the human body beyond its limits and in the case of extreme heat and high humidity, evaporation is slowed and the body has to work extra hard to maintain its normal temperature. Problems occur when a person is over-exposed to heat or overexert themselves. Those most likely to be impacted negatively by excessive, prolonged heat include the elderly, young children, sick persons, and those who are overweight and unfit. It is important to recognize that over-exposure to heat can be fatal. Possible health problems include:
Heat cramps – these are muscular pains or spasms that occur as a result of heavy exertion. Although heat cramps are the least severe of heat health problems, they are a warning sign that your body is not coping well with the heat.
Heat exhaustion – this occurs typically when people exercise heavily or work in a hot, humid place where bodily fluids are lost through heavy sweating. The blood flow to the skin increases, causing blood flow to decrease to the vital organs. This results in a mild form of shock. If this goes untreated, the victim's condition will worsen, the body temperature will continue to rise, and heat stroke might occur.
1. Obvious is to stay inside, if you do have to go outside please stick to shady spots and always always hydrate!!!
- Cool, clammy skin, sweating
- Extreme fatigue, weakness
- Complaining of feeling hot
- Red, flushed skin - may become pale
- A body temperature of 106ºF (41ºC) or higher
- Extreme headache
- Rapid breathing
- Rapid pulse
- Sweating ceases
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